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Desenvolvimento Humano
  

O iLIDH procura intervir num amplo raio de acção e nas dimensões que, na vida das pessoas e na sociedade em geral, têm mais impacto no bem-estar social.

Desta forma, a sua identidade recorre a um dos conceitos mais consensuais na medição do desenvolvimento sócio-económico das sociedades contemporâneas – o Desenvolvimento Humano.

O Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) é um método padronizado de avaliação e medida do bem-estar de uma população, sendo uma medida comparativa de riqueza, alfabetização, educação, esperança de vida, natalidade e outros factores determinantes para a saúde das sociedades.

Este índice foi desenvolvido em 1990 pelo economista paquistanês Mahbud ul Haq, e tem sido utilizado desde 1993 pelo Programa da Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento no seu relatório anual.

"The basic purpose of development is to enlarge people's choices. In principle, these choices can be infinite and can change over time. People often value achievements that do not show up at all, or not immediately, in income or growth figures: greater access to knowledge, better nutrition and health services, more secure livelihoods, security against crime and physical violence, satisfying leisure hours, political and cultural freedoms and sense of participation in community activities. The objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives."

Mahbub ul Haq

Citando as Nações Unidas sobre o entendimento deste conceito:
“Human development is about much more than the rise or fall of national incomes. It is about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accord with their needs and interests. People are the real wealth of nations. Development is thus about expanding the choices people have to lead lives that they value. And it is thus about much more than economic growth, which is only a means —if a very important one —of enlarging people’s choices.
Fundamental to enlarging these choices is building human capabilities —the range of things that people can do or be in life. The most basic capabilities for human development are to lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgeable, to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living and to be able to participate in the life of the community. Without these, many choices are simply not available, and many opportunities in life remain inaccessible.
This way of looking at development, often forgotten in the immediate concern with accumulating commodities and financial wealth, is not new. Philosophers, economists and political leaders have long emphasized human wellbeing as the purpose, the end, of development. As Aristotle said in ancient Greece, “Wealth is evidently not the good we are seeking, for it is merely useful for the sake of something else.”
In seeking that something else, human development shares a common vision with human rights. The goal is human freedom. And in pursuing capabilities and realizing rights, this freedom is vital. People must be free to exercise their choices and to participate in decision-making that affects their lives. Human development and human rights are mutually reinforcing, helping to secure the well-being and dignity of all people, building self-respect and the respect of others.”

In http://hdr.undp.org/hd/ 

Relatório ONU - DH
  

Faça download do Relatório de 2007/2008 da ONU sobre o Desenvolvimento Humano:

 

Capa [138 KB]

Prefácio, Agradecimentos, Índice [383 KB]

Síntese - Combater as alterações climáticas: solidariedade humana num mundo dividido [252 KB]

Capítulo 1 - O desafi o climático do século XXI [1,411 KB]

Capítulo 2 - Choques climáticos: risco e vulnerabilidade num mundo desigual [2,313 KB]

Capítulo 3 - Evitar alterações climáticas perigosas: estratégias para a mitigação [1,063 KB]

Capítulo 4 - Adaptação ao inevitável: acção nacional e cooperação internacional [1,523 KB]

Notas, Bibliografia [410 KB]

Indicadores de desenvolvimento humano [1,914 KB]

Nota Técnica [776 KB]

Complete report [8,729 KB]

Errata (English) [8 KB]

Consulte a lista de indicadores ultilizados aqui.

Todos os anos, os países membros da ONU são classificados de acordo com estes indicadores. 

Ranking Índice do Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008
  

Elevado Desenvolvimento Humano    

1.        Iceland

2.        Norway

3.        Australia

4.        Canada

5.        Ireland

6.        Sweden

7.        Switzerland

8.        Japan

9.        Netherlands

10.      France

11.      Finland

12.      United States

13.      Spain

14.      Denmark

15.      Austria

16.      United Kingdom

17.      Belgium

18.      Luxembourg

19.      New Zealand

20.      Italy

21.      Hong Kong, China (SAR)

22.      Germany

23.      Israel

24.      Greece

25.      Singapore

26.      Korea, Rep. of

27.      Slovenia

28.      Cyprus

29.      Portugal

30.      Brunei Darussalam

31.      Barbados

32.      Czech Republic

33.      Kuwait

34.      Malta

35.      Qatar

36.      Hungary

37.      Poland

38.      Argentina

39.      United Arab Emirates

40.      Chile

41.      Bahrain

42.      Slovakia

43.      Lithuania

44.      Estonia

45.      Latvia

46.      Uruguay

47.      Croatia

48.      Costa Rica

49.      Bahamas

50.      Seychelles

51.      Cuba

52.      Mexico

53.      Bulgaria

54.      Saint Kitts and Nevis

55.      Tonga

56.      Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

57.      Antigua and Barbuda

58.      Oman

59.      Trinidad and Tobago

60.      Romania

61.      Saudi Arabia

62.      Panama

63.      Malaysia

64.      Belarus

65.      Mauritius

66.      Bosnia and Herzegovina

67.      Russian Federation

68.      Albania

69.      Macedonia, TFYR

70.      Brazil

Médio Desenvolvimento Humano   

71.      Dominica

72.      Saint Lucia

73.      Kazakhstan

74.      Venezuela, Rep. Bov.

75.      Colombia

76.      Ukraine

77.      Samoa

78.      Thailand

79.      Dominican Republic

80.      Belize

81.      China

82.      Grenada

83.      Armenia

84.      Turkey

85.      Suriname

86.      Jordan

87.      Peru

88.      Lebanon

89.      Ecuador

90.      Philippines

91.      Tunisia

92.      Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

93.      Fiji

94.      Iran, Islamic Rep. of

95.      Paraguay

96.      Georgia

97.      Guyana

98.      Azerbaijan

99.      Sri Lanka

100.   Maldives

101.   Jamaica

102.   Cape Verde

103.   El Salvador

104.   Algeria

105.   Viet Nam

106.   Occupied Palestinian Territories

107.   Indonesia

108.   Syrian Arab Republic

109.   Turkmenistan

110.   Nicaragua

111.   Moldova

112.   Egypt

113.   Uzbekistan

114.   Mongolia

115.   Honduras

116.   Kyrgyzstan

117.   Bolivia

118.   Guatemala

119.   Gabon

120.   Vanuatu

121.   South Africa

122.   Tajikistan

123.   São Tomé and Principe

124.   Botswana

125.   Namibia

126.   Morocco

127.   Equatorial Guinea

128.   India

129.   Solomon Islands

130.   Lao, People's Dem. Rep.

131.   Cambodia

132.   Myanmar

133.   Bhutan

134.   Comoros

135.   Ghana

136.   Pakistan

137.   Mauritania

138.   Lesotho

139.   Congo

140.   Bangladesh

141.   Swaziland

142.   Nepal

143.   Madagascar

144.   Cameroon

145.   Papua New Guinea

146.   Haiti

147.   Sudan

148.   Kenya

149.   Djibouti

150.   Timor-Leste

151.   Zimbabwe

152.   Togo

153.   Yemen

154.   Uganda

155.   Gambia

Baixo Desenvolvimento Humano   

156.   Senegal

157.   Eritrea

158.   Nigeria

159.   Tanzania, U. Rep. of

160.   Guinea

161.   Rwanda

162.   Angola

163.   Benin

164.   Malawi

165.   Zambia

166.   Côte d'Ivoire

167.   Burundi

168.   Congo, Dem. Rep.

169.   Ethiopia

170.   Chad

171.   Central African Republic

172.   Mozambique

173.   Mali

174.   Niger

175.   Guinea-Bissau

176.   Burkina Faso

177.   Sierra Leone

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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